Modern pig farms have a lot of investment. Therefore, before building a pig farm, it is reasonable to know how much equipment needs to be invested. Take the pig of 50 sows farm equipment as an example to give you a reference. Calculate your approximate investment and reduce unnecessary waste.
① The nature and scale are 50 sows and provide pigs to the market. The introduction of large binary sows, Duroc boar and its artificial insemination for ternary hybrid pig breeding.
② The main production indicators are that the service life of male and female pigs is 4 years, the annual elimination rate is 25%, and the conception rate of 50 sows during estrus is 85%;
The oestrus time of 50 sows after weaning was 10days；Lactation time: 35 days; The ratio of male to female is 1:30.
Breeding cycle of 50 sows =114+35+10+21×(1-pregnancy rate during estrus) =159+21 × (1-85%) =162.2 days;
Annual litter size =365/162.2=2.25 tires / year;
There are 9 live births per fetus, with a survival rate of 90% during lactation, 95% during nursery and 98% during fattening.
① Breeding boar perennial breeding stock =50×1/30 = 2 heads
② Feeding days of empty sows = days of re estrus after weaning + 21 days of observation after breeding + average days of return to estrus =34.2 days, number of herds =50×2.25× 34.2/365=11 heads.
③ Pregnant sows are confirmed to be sows from pregnancy to 1 week before delivery. The feeding days are 86 days, and the number of herds =50×2.25×86/365=27 heads.
④ For sows from 7 days before delivery to weaning, the feeding days are 7 days + 35 days after weaning =42 days, and the number of herds =50×2.25×42/365=13 heads.
⑤ The feeding days of suckling piglets from birth to weaning are 35 days, and the number of herds =50×2.25×9×0.9×35/365=88 heads.
⑥ Nursing piglets weaned to 70 days old, feeding days 35 days, number of herds =50×2.25×9×0.9×0.95×35/365=83 heads
⑦ Fattening pigs: pigs from 71 to 180 days old, feeding days: 110 days, number of herds =50× 2.25×9×0.9×0.95×0.98×110/365=256 heads.
⑧ Backup boar 2×25%×1.5 = 1 head.
⑨ Backup sow 50×25%×1.2 = 15 heads.
From the above, the perennial stock of 50 sows =496 heads.
Fattening pigs every year =50×2.25×9×0.9×0.95×0.98 = 849 heads
Sales rate = number of sales / number of sales×100%=849/496×100%=171.2%。
Using the three-stage production process, pregnant sows are transferred to nursing houses 7 days before delivery. After weaning, piglets are transferred to nursing houses for 70 days, and then transferred to fattening houses for 180 days. After weaning, the sows are transferred to the empty sow house, and after pregnancy is confirmed, they are transferred to the pregnancy pig house. The backup boar can set up a circle in the boar house, and the backup sow can set up a separate pig house.
To determine the number of pigsty (the area and specification of pigsty) needs to determine the number of pigsty. The number of pigsty is determined according to the number of hogs in each kind of pigsty and the number of pigs per lap.
① Breeding boars raise 3 boars all year round, with 1 boar per lap, requiring 3 hurdles; One reserve boar needs one hurdle, a total of four hurdles.
② There are 15 reserve sows, 8 in each column, and 2 columns are needed.
③ Number of empty sows =50×2.25×(34.2+7) /365=13 heads, 4 heads per column, 3 columns are required.
④ Number of Gestation sows =50×2.25×(86+7) /365=29 heads, 29 positioning bars are required.
⑤ Number of lactating sows and piglets =50×2.25×(42+7) /365=15 heads, 15 columns are required.
⑥ Number of nursing piglets =50×2.25×(35+7) /365=13 heads, 13 columns are required.
⑦ Number of fattening pigs =50×2.25×(110+7) /365=37 heads, 37 columns are required.
The types of pig houses include male pig houses, backup female pig houses, empty female pig houses, pregnant female pig houses, lactating female pig houses and nursing houses, fattening houses, etc.
① Breeding boars, backup sows, backup boars and empty sows are raised on the ground, which requires 7 pig crates, 2 pig crates, and a total of 9 pig crates . They can be arranged in a house, and the pig crates is 3m×4m。
② Gestation sows need 29 Gestation crates, Gestation crates: 0.65m×2.2m。
③ Lactating sows and piglets need 15 columns, and the field specification is 1.8m×2.4m。
④ 13 fields are required for piglet care, and the field specification is 3m×3m。
⑤ For fattening, 37 Fattening Crates, and the Fattening Crate is 3m×4m。
This is an article of great reference value for new customers of pig breeding. It can let you quickly understand the basic investment calculation method of pig breeding equipment and know it well. This article“50 Sows Farm Equipment Design Description” can help you control and save costs.
The data in this “50 Sows Farm Equipment Design Description” article is the basic data obtained from a large number of experimental data, which can be adjusted according to the actual situation. This “50 Sows Farm Equipment Design Description” article talks about all kinds of pigsty, and there is no feeding system, feeding line, feeding tower, and environmental control system involved here. This “50 Sows Farm Equipment Design Description” article talks about the most basic equipment. In some places, it is artificial feeding, so it does not involve the feeding system. Of course, we can also design with you for free.
If you plan to build a new piggery farm, you can contact Mus Agro by [email protected], we can offer a free designing for your piggery farming project!