Intensive pig farm design raising will be the upstream trends along with the economic developing.
The purpose of intensive pig farm design is to get rid of the scattered and traditional seasonal production methods and establish a factory-like, programmed and balanced pig production system throughout the year, so as to achieve a high level of production, and high operating efficiency.
In order to give our customers useful knowledge and information, Mus Agro will briefly introduce the intensive pig farm design raising production process as follows:
Breeding of boars: Feed the boars according to their body condition, and give them proper exercise and light.
The boars are protected from heatstroke in summer and cold in winter.
The room temperature is kept at 10℃～28℃.
Boars found with genetic diseases, stunted growth or lost reproductive capacity must be eliminated timely.
Breeding of sows: Feed the sows according to their body condition and keep 80% body fat.
Strict testing is carried out to select the best sows, and those with genetic diseases, stunted growth and loss of reproductive ability are found shall be eliminated in time.
At mating and pregnancy stage the sows are bred and go through the gestation period
Mating takes about 7 days and the gestation period is 114 days, pregnant sows will stay in the gestation crates at this priod.
The empty pregnant sows will complete the mating in about a week, and will be transferred to the gestation pig house after being confirmed to be pregnant.
Those who are not pregnant will be transferred to the next batch to continue to participate in mating.
The sows should reduce feed 1 to 3days before giving birth,water drinking shall be ensured. Pregnant sows should enter the farrowing pen 7 days before giving birth.
Farm stuff shall prepare equipment, medicines and other utensils for delivery before giving birth.
The sows registered in the same week should enter the farrowing crates house in the same batch one week in advance according to the sows with the earliest expected date of delivery.
During farrowing and piglet lactation stage, parturition and feeding of piglets should be completed.
The piglets lactation period is 4 weeks, mother sows are raised in the farrowing pen house for 5 weeks.
After the piglets are transferred out, the sows return to the empty sow barn to participate in the next breeding cycle.
After the piglets were born, dry the mucus on the mouth, nose and body surface with a sterilized towel, then cut the umbilical cord 4cm to 5cm away from the umbilicus, apply iodine to the cut end, and make up the ear number.
After the piglets are born, it is necessary to ensure that they can eat colostrum and fixed teats as soon as possible, and start feeding after 10 days.
Piglets should have an adequate supply of clean drinking water.
During lactation, attention should be paid to controlling yellow and white diarrhea of piglets.
The specific method is to improve the hygiene of the pig house and pig body; wash the udder of the sow, remove the manure and sewage in the house in time, and disinfect the pig house and pig body once every other day.
Disinfect the surrounding environment of the farrowing house once every 3 days, and do a good job in the regular disinfection of the breeding area.
Through the analysis and analogy investigation of the intensive pig farm design production process, the production process will produce lots wastes, which shall be properly handled, like pig manure, pig urine, pig house floor washing wastewater, waste feed, medical waste generated by the healthy growth of pig herds, noise, and the emission of pig manure and pig urine, odorous gases and so on.
The manure and urine can be collected automatically by the manure scrappers or piping line, which can reduce the labor working burdens.
The liquids of collected manure can be separated by manure dewatering machine, and then put into the storage ponds for the natural fermentation
Pig odorous gases can be controlled by the pig odor control equipment, while the pig house shall be closed type with exhausting fans