Architectural design features of the delivery house

11 months ago

The farrowing room is used to care for and protect sows and piglets from birth until weaning, so it should be designed and constructed to provide optimum environmental conditions, minimal piglet loss, maximum labor efficiency and satisfactory manure management.

Architectural design features of the delivery house

The farrowing room is used to care for and protect sows and piglets from birth until weaning, so it should be designed and constructed to provide optimum environmental conditions, minimal piglet loss, maximum labor efficiency and satisfactory manure management.

In order to achieve this effect, the current birthing house combines several features:

1. Temperature.

The best feeding and lactating environment temperature for sows is 16 to 18 degrees Celsius, but this is too cold for newborn pigs. In the first 3 days after birth, the temperature inside the incubator should be kept at 32~35 degrees Celsius, and then reduced by 0.7 degrees Celsius every day until 21 degrees Celsius.

When heating the piglets, the temperature control in the pig house at 18 to 24 degrees Celsius proved to be feasible. It can be judged whether the piglet is comfortable by observing whether the piglet is crowded (too cold) or escaping from the heating zone (overheating).

2. The floor.

Because the slatted floor can greatly improve the hygiene of the pig house, it is commonly used in childbirth houses. Although some sow areas use solid floors, slatted floors are generally used throughout the pig incubator.

Using slatted floors can save a lot of labor compared to any other stage of production. Solid floors are sometimes used in some older pig houses, which increases the need for labor, which means that it is impossible to allow sows to be weaned as many piglets on the slats.

In order to allow urine and water splashing out of the corral to flow into the drain, the solid floor should be kept at a certain degree of inclination, which is very important for the hygiene control of the birthing house.

In the winter, the delivery room using the slatted plate is very severe compared to the number of births using the solid ground. Because there is airflow under the slatted floor, more environmental control measures are required than the birthing house on the ground.

Slotted floors are usually made of metal, concrete, triangle and wire. When using slatted floors, the gap is about 7.6 cm wide and 1 cm apart. To ensure the smooth passage of the feces, the gap of the sow after the birth should be 2.45 cm. The sows need to cover the slats during childbirth.

 

3. The birth box.

There are a variety of different designs and specifications for the farrowing boxes, which are very popular under the entire farrowing box. The width of the sow is usually 60 cm, and the sides of the sow are crawling or the width of the incubator is 44 cm to 59 cm to ensure that the sow and the breeder can easily reach the farrowing box.

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