Matters needing attention when revising and expanding pig farm

1 year ago

Many small-scale pig farms are arbitrarily random during the expansion process. There is no overall concept. The specifications, layout, production process, production process, and water supply and heating heating and ventilation of the pig house have not been fully considered.

Matters needing attention when revising and expanding pig farm

Many small-scale pig farms are arbitrarily random during the expansion process. There is no overall concept. The specifications, layout, production process, production process, and water supply and heating heating and ventilation of the pig house have not been fully considered.

In addition, the funds themselves are tight or blind. Enlarging the scale of investment has caused a shortage of funds. As a result, the mix ratio of pig houses is confusing, the operation of workers is extremely difficult, and the labor efficiency is extremely low. Finally, slight signs of trouble cause loss and end in failure.

If a pig farm is running normally, simply look at the layout of each production floor of the farm, and whether each link is easy to operate. If the layout is not reasonable and the production operation is inconvenient, it is impossible for the farm to operate normally.

First of all, the rational layout of the sheds means that the matching of the fields in each production stage must be consistent.

Phase column calculation method at each stage:

Each sow is decomposed at each production cycle (28 days for breastfeeding and 114 days for pregnancy) and needs to be positioned for about 30 days in the breeding positioning column (7 days for empty columns) and 35 days + 7 days for the delivery room (bed) ( Empty space for 7 days), Pregnancy column for 85 days (7 days in advance for delivery room, empty for 7 days); Nursery for small columns (3 - 5 square meters) is good, 10 heads for one column (basic for each nest), A group of nursery pigs are kept on the nursery for 30-40 days, each column can be turned 8 times per year, and can correspond to 3.33 normal production sows; the rearing house is fed with 10 pigs per column (7-10 square meters), 90 days slaughter , Turning 4 times a year, can correspond to 1.7 production sows.

Therefore, a production cycle for each production sow needs 0.25 positioning columns, 0.58 pregnancy columns, 0.3 delivery rooms, 0.3 nursery columns, and 0.6 finishing columns. If the breeding scale reaches 100 sows, the corresponding production needs 25 Positioning column, 58 pregnancy columns, 30 delivery rooms (beds), 30 nursery columns, 60 fattening columns.

Secondly, the reconstruction of extensions must take into account the transformation of existing columns.

Based on the actual situation to determine what field to build, the new pig house should not be involved in all production processes, and it is best to build only the most needed production workshop.

According to the difficulty of the renovation of the pig house, the new pig house should give priority to the delivery room. The construction of conservation rooms is to make full use of the opportunities for reconstruction and expansion to separate different production processes.

It is also recommended that the production area, living area, and office area be separated and that there should be additional facilities for the disposal of excrement and the harmless treatment facilities for sick and dead pigs.

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